Plastic, a wonder of Polymer chemistry, it came into Indian market in the late forties but its use increased phenomenally from the 70's with widespread utility in both industrial and domestic sectors. The Plastic industry growth in India has been in step with its growth worldwide.
Plastics have made visible and dramatic changes in the field of consumer products, packaging, agriculture, construction, furniture, Medicare, and telecom and information technology. Plastics are linked to the growth and prosperity of emerging economies like India. Plastics as exceptionally versatile, cost effective and convenient material have become an integral part of our daily lives. It is in fact difficult to imagine a world without plastics.
The development of any industry creates an impact on the environment and the plastic industry is no exception.
Plastics are typically polymers of high molecular mass, of hydrocarbons produced in presence of suitable catalyst, wherein, larger molecules are broken into monomers such as ethylene, propylene, vinyl, styrene and benzene. These monomers are then chemically polymerized into different categories of plastics. All categories of plastics are non-biodegradable accept biodegradable plastics made-up of natural polymers.